What is Information Technology?

In today’s up-and-down job market and shaky economy, there are few career fields that are as consistent as the field of Information Technology. As a branch of engineering, Information Technology, specializes specifically in using computer technology and telecommunications technology to transmit, translate and store various types of information- although there are a ton of other types of jobs that do fall under the Information Technology umbrella.

What exactly does Information Technology entail?

Essentially information technology is all about using information as a commodity or resource, just like any other job. The information that is being translated, disseminated, stored, transmitted, etc. is usually in the forms of audio, video, textual and numerical information and is processed through the use of microelectronics and computers.

The field of Information Technology is usually used to describe a whole series of jobs, but in reality, there are tons of jobs that are called Information Technology jobs, but are actual part of a subcategory like Management Information Services and Information Services.

Once upon a time, the Information Technology center of a business would have been composed of just one guy sitting at a computer all day. But, as computer technology has advanced, and information has become more valuable, the Information Technology center grew with it. Now, a company will either have a gigantic IT center, or they may need so many specialists that they actually contract out the Info-tech needs to an entirely separate company. Now, in order to successfully run an Information Technology center, a company would need at least a database management system, a cryptographer, some system administrators, some database administrators, at least one information manager and a Chief Information Office (CIO,) who is the head honcho of the whole shabang.

The Top 10 Technical Skills Needed for a Career in Information Technology

The following is a list of the most common skills, knowledge and experience that is needed for a job in the Information Technology career field. Because Information Technology relies so much on information and keeping it secure, it is imperative to have a good grasp on things like programming languages, operating systems and management expertise.

1. Unix Operating System knowledge
2. Linux Operating System knowledge
3. Java Language Programming experience
4. C++ Language Programming experience
5. Perl Language Programming experience
6. MySQL Database Management expertise
7. Microsoft C# Language Programming experience
8. XML- Extensible Markup Language skills
9. HTML skills (advanced)
10. Project Management abilities

Information Technology Knowledge Requirements

Depending on what type of job you are looking for, you will probably need either a degree or at least some kind of technical certificate in order to land a job in the Information Technology sector. Here is a list of some of the most common degrees and technical certificates that are required in order to have a job in the field of Information Technology:

● CISSP certificate (Information Security)
● ISSAP certificate (Information Security)
● ISSEP certificate (Information Security)
● Oracle Database Administration certificate
● Microsoft Information Specialist certificates
● Cisco Information Specialist certificates
● Doctoral or Professional degree in Computer and Information Research Science (for high-level jobs)
● Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Programming (for mid-level jobs)
● Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Systems (for mid-level jobs)
● Associate’s Degree (for low-level jobs)

The Jobs and The Salary

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Information Technology field is growing faster than the average career, which means an Information Technology specialist would be in high-demand right out of school. Here are a few of the jobs, the growth of that job in the future and the average salaries you can expect for an entry-level position in that job:

Job Growth Salary
Computer and Information Research Scientist 19% /year $100,660
Computer Programmer 12% /year $71,380
Computer Support Specialist 18% /year $46,260
Computer Systems Analyst 22% /year $77,740
Database Administrator 31% /year $73,490
Information Security Analysts, Web Developers and Computer Network Architects 22% /year $75,660
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 28% /year $69,160
Software Developers 30% /year $90,530

Featured Schools

Welcome to Argosy University

Argosy University offers doctoral, master's, and bachelor's degree programs to students through its eight colleges:  College of Behavioral Sciences, Graduate School of Business and Management, College of Education,  College of Health Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, College of Creative Arts and Design, College of Clinical Psychology and Western State College of Law at Argosy University as well as certificate programs in many areas.


  • Information Technology (BS) (Online)
Pursue your degree with Colorado State University Global Campus. We offer bachelor's and master's degree programs in healthcare administration and management that can be completed 100% online.


  • BS - Information Technology
  • BS - Management Information Systems and Business Analytics

At UEI College, we want you to succeed. We’re like a family and we want you to be a part of it. From the moment you enter ourschool, to graduation and beyond, we are right there with you.


  • Computer Systems Technician (8-Month Diploma Program)
Locations: El Monte

Virginia College  continues the tradition ofgiving lives new direction, fulfilling our mission statement tostudents wherever they live and offering the chance to pursue adegree while maintaining commitments to work and family.


  • BS - Network Management
  • BS - Management Information Systems
  • AAS-Network Engineering
At Everest University you can get a higher education designed to meet the demands of employers in some of today's hottest fields.


  • Computer Information Science
Locations: Melbourne
Ready for an exciting new career? Southern Technical College offers intensive, hands-on career training in the areas of business, health sciences and applied electronics technology.


  • B.S.- Information Tech & SS
  • A.S. - Network Engineering and Administration
Locations: Fort Myers

For more than 35 years, Keiser University has provided student-centered, career-focused education in fields such as health care, business, criminal justice and information technology.  Our one-class-at-a-time schedules allow busy students to focus on their education and balance the demands of work and family.  Whether you choose to attend online, on campus, or both you will be part of a caring learning environment led by experienced faculty who bring textbooks to life with real-world challenges and solutions.  Our unique combination of a curriculum that is in pace with technology and the skills employers value along with our “students first” approach provides an outstanding academic experience. 


  • Information Technology, AS
  • Information Technology Management, BS (Online Only)
  • Management Information Systems, BS (Online Only)
Locations: Miami

Discover the power of ONE COURSE A MONTH® to fit education into your busy life. Brown Mackie College’s ONE COURSE A MONTH® schedule lets you focus on your course work one subject at a time. 


  • Associate of Science in Information Technology
Locations: Bedford
Since its beginnings in 1941, National American University has been a cornerstone of higher education, keeping pace with the ever-changing advancements of technology, while holding onto core values that provide a caring and supportive environment for all students.


  • Computer Support Specialist Diploma
  • Information Technology B.S.
  • Information Technology A.A.S.
  • And more...
Locations: Saint Paul
Advance your career with training from MyComputerCareer.com. We offer an IT professional career training program that includes certifications from Microsoft, CompTIA, and Cisco.


  • Information Technology Systems Engineer
  • Information Technology Systems Administrator
Locations: Indianapolis