What is Information Technology?

In today’s up-and-down job market and shaky economy, there are few career fields that are as consistent as the field of Information Technology. As a branch of engineering, Information Technology, specializes specifically in using computer technology and telecommunications technology to transmit, translate and store various types of information- although there are a ton of other types of jobs that do fall under the Information Technology umbrella.

What exactly does Information Technology entail?

Essentially information technology is all about using information as a commodity or resource, just like any other job. The information that is being translated, disseminated, stored, transmitted, etc. is usually in the forms of audio, video, textual and numerical information and is processed through the use of microelectronics and computers.

The field of Information Technology is usually used to describe a whole series of jobs, but in reality, there are tons of jobs that are called Information Technology jobs, but are actual part of a subcategory like Management Information Services and Information Services.

Once upon a time, the Information Technology center of a business would have been composed of just one guy sitting at a computer all day. But, as computer technology has advanced, and information has become more valuable, the Information Technology center grew with it. Now, a company will either have a gigantic IT center, or they may need so many specialists that they actually contract out the Info-tech needs to an entirely separate company. Now, in order to successfully run an Information Technology center, a company would need at least a database management system, a cryptographer, some system administrators, some database administrators, at least one information manager and a Chief Information Office (CIO,) who is the head honcho of the whole shabang.

The Top 10 Technical Skills Needed for a Career in Information Technology

The following is a list of the most common skills, knowledge and experience that is needed for a job in the Information Technology career field. Because Information Technology relies so much on information and keeping it secure, it is imperative to have a good grasp on things like programming languages, operating systems and management expertise.

1. Unix Operating System knowledge
2. Linux Operating System knowledge
3. Java Language Programming experience
4. C++ Language Programming experience
5. Perl Language Programming experience
6. MySQL Database Management expertise
7. Microsoft C# Language Programming experience
8. XML- Extensible Markup Language skills
9. HTML skills (advanced)
10. Project Management abilities

Information Technology Knowledge Requirements

Depending on what type of job you are looking for, you will probably need either a degree or at least some kind of technical certificate in order to land a job in the Information Technology sector. Here is a list of some of the most common degrees and technical certificates that are required in order to have a job in the field of Information Technology:

● CISSP certificate (Information Security)
● ISSAP certificate (Information Security)
● ISSEP certificate (Information Security)
● Oracle Database Administration certificate
● Microsoft Information Specialist certificates
● Cisco Information Specialist certificates
● Doctoral or Professional degree in Computer and Information Research Science (for high-level jobs)
● Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Programming (for mid-level jobs)
● Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Systems (for mid-level jobs)
● Associate’s Degree (for low-level jobs)

The Jobs and The Salary

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Information Technology field is growing faster than the average career, which means an Information Technology specialist would be in high-demand right out of school. Here are a few of the jobs, the growth of that job in the future and the average salaries you can expect for an entry-level position in that job:

Job Growth Salary
Computer and Information Research Scientist 19% /year $100,660
Computer Programmer 12% /year $71,380
Computer Support Specialist 18% /year $46,260
Computer Systems Analyst 22% /year $77,740
Database Administrator 31% /year $73,490
Information Security Analysts, Web Developers and Computer Network Architects 22% /year $75,660
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 28% /year $69,160
Software Developers 30% /year $90,530

Featured Schools

At UEI College, we want you to succeed. We’re like a family and we want you to be a part of it. From the moment you enter ourschool, to graduation and beyond, we are right there with you.

Programs:

  • Computer Systems Technician (8-Month Diploma Program)
Locations: Encino
At Everest University you can get a higher education designed to meet the demands of employers in some of today's hottest fields.

Programs:

  • Computer Information Science
Locations: Orlando
Get started on your career with Laurus College. We offer programs for careers in the computer and information technology, web design, business, and medical billing fields.

Programs:

  • Information Technologies & Network Systems
Locations: San Luis Obispo

The Berkeley Advantage®is part of a proven approach to career-focused education that can help students prepare for success.

Programs:

  • BS, Information Technology Management
Locations: Little Falls

For more than 35 years, Keiser University has provided student-centered, career-focused education in fields such as health care, business, criminal justice and information technology.  Our one-class-at-a-time schedules allow busy students to focus on their education and balance the demands of work and family.  Whether you choose to attend online, on campus, or both you will be part of a caring learning environment led by experienced faculty who bring textbooks to life with real-world challenges and solutions.  Our unique combination of a curriculum that is in pace with technology and the skills employers value along with our “students first” approach provides an outstanding academic experience. 

Programs:

  • Information Technology, AS
  • Information Technology Management, BS (Online Only)
  • Management Information Systems, BS (Online Only)
  • And more...
Locations: Lakeland

At Broadveiw University, we prepare students for exciting careers in high-value fields. Imagine getting paid for what you love doing. It all starts with career-based training at Broadview University.

Programs:

  • Associate in Applied Science in Information Technology
  • Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
Locations: Meridian

Discover the power of ONE COURSE A MONTH® to fit education into your busy life. Brown Mackie College’s ONE COURSE A MONTH® schedule lets you focus on your course work one subject at a time. 

Programs:

  • Associate of Science in Information Technology
Locations: San Antonio

 

Vatterott College is dedicated to providing students opportunities to gain the hands-on skills necessary to achieve their educational goals.  In fields as diverse as Business, Medical, Technical, Trades, Cosmetology, Dental, Legal, Personal Fitness, and Veterinary, as well as many continuing education opportunities, the school has provided the latest training to give students the skills they need.

Programs:

  • Computer Technology
  • Network & Information Systems
  • Network Engineering & Computer Technology
  • And more...
Locations: Saint Louis

Kaplan University is focused on recognizing the achievements of military and veteran students and offers the flexibility of an online education. Eligible students can receive college credit for prior military experience and coursework—up to 75 percent of the credit needed for a Kaplan University undergraduate degree.*

Programs:

  • AAS in Information Technology
  • BSIT/ Information Systems Track - Multiplatform Software Development
  • AASIT - Multiplatform Software Development
  • And more...

New England Institute of Technology is a private, non-profit, co-educational technical college offering over 30 Associate in Science, Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degree programs. As a leader in Technical Career Education in southern New England, New England Tech is committed to providing hands-on technological programs that prepare graduates for positions of leadership in the technical, industrial, business, and allied health communities. Most of our associate degree programs can be completed in as little as 18 months, and bachelor’s degree programs in as little as three years. 

Programs:

  • Associate in Science in Information Technology
  • Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
  • Associate in Science in Applied Technical Studies
  • And more...
Locations: Warwick